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Dr. Savita Gupta
  • Dental Care Center
    377 Sector A, Pocket C
    Vasant Kunj, New Delhi - 110070
    Mobile +91 9811434646

Third molar

Third molar teeth (commonly referred to as wisdom teeth) consist of the mandibulal and maxillary third molars; they usually appear between the ages of 17 and 25. They are called wisdom teeth because usually they come in when a person is between age 17 and 25 or oder—old enough to have supposedly gained some wisdom. Most adults have four wisdom teeth, but it is possible to have more or fewer. Absence of one or more wisdom teeth is an example of hypodontia. Any extra teeth are referred to as supernumerary teeth. Wisdom teeth commonly affect other teeth as they develop - becoming impacted or "coming in sideways." They are often extracted when this occurs.

Wisdom teeth, or third molars, are the final teeth to develop. Most of us have four wisdom teeth, one in each corner of the mouth. They usually emerge during our late teens or early twenties.


Often times, wisdom teeth become trapped or impacted in the jawbone, or simply fail to erupt. This can cause crowding or displacement of other teeth, or lead to the development of localized tooth decay, infection, or gum disease. Impacted wisdom teeth are set in the jawbone in unusual positions, sometimes horizontally, which stops them from erupting in a normal way.



Angular, bony impaction of third molar (wisdom tooth).


Soft tissue impaction of third molar (wisdom tooth).

In most cases, it is recommended that impacted wisdom teeth be extracted. Depending on the position of the tooth, third molar or wisdom tooth removal can be performed in your dentist's office, at an outpatient surgical facility, or in a hospital.


Typical Procedure


Incision is made and overlying bone is removed, exposing crown of impacted tooth.


Tooth is extracted whole or surgically sectioned. The site is sutured closed.


To ease any discomfort and promote healing:

  • Use ice packs on the cheek for swelling, alternating on and off every thirty minutes.
  • Apply biting pressure with clean gauze to stop bleeding.
  • Eat soft foods and drink extra liquids.
  • Avoid hard or crunchy foods in the tender area.
  • Brush carefully the day after surgery.
  • Take prescribed medications and follow all instructions as directed.

Call Dr. Savita or your physician immediately in case of excessive bleeding or swelling, persistent, severe pain or fever.

Be sure to follow the special home care instructions provided by Dr. Savita.